If you happen to’re desirous about adopting a guinea pig, right here’s what that you must learn about guinea pig diet, housing and extra! 

Cautious consideration earlier than adopting, together with analysis and planning, plus loads of love, endurance and a way of humour, will foster a powerful and loving relationship that can enable you uncover the enjoyment of guinea pigs, and make you associates for all times! 


An entire day by day guinea pig weight-reduction plan consists of an infinite provide of Timothy hay, loads of contemporary greens, a small quantity of guinea pig pellets enriched with vitamin C, and a small portion of fruit. Guinea pigs develop particular person meals preferences, however some widespread favourites embody: 

  • Snap peas 
  • Apple 
  • Carrots 
  • Cilantro 
  • Cucumber 
  • Romaine lettuce 
  • Broccoli 
  • Grapes 

Recent water ought to all the time be obtainable and is finest supplied in a sipper bottle on the facet of their enclosure. 

Well being 

Along with good diet, guinea pigs profit tremendously from supervised train exterior of their main enclosure. This house must be in a protected, well-secured room with no entry to cords, wires, stairs or open vents. Present your pet with toys to play with and a particular place to cover. 

The tooth of guinea pigs continuously develop, which implies that chewing objects are important for his or her dental well being. Hay, agency greens and non-toxic wooden chews are nice additions to their enclosures for this function.  

Males will be neutered by veterinarians who’re very aware of guinea pig surgical procedure. By neutering males, they are often paired with females whereas stopping undesirable pregnancies. Different pairings that work effectively are females collectively and males who have been raised collectively. 

Dealing with 

Permit your guinea pig to smell your hand and use his or her favorite meals to realize their belief. As soon as they’re comfy, decide them up gently and slowly. Gently place one hand behind their entrance legs, cupping their chest, whereas utilizing the opposite hand to assist their hind finish and again toes always. Guinea pigs are most comfy when horizontal and near your physique or in your lap. 

Leaping down may cause severe damage to guinea pigs, so dealing with them whereas sitting on the ground is most secure. Guinea pigs shouldn’t be picked up or carried by younger youngsters, as they’ll simply free themselves from a baby’s grasp.  


Nail clipping must be achieved month-to-month and will be simply demonstrated by a veterinarian or an RVT. Each lengthy and short-haired guinea pigs will even want common brushing, with a smooth child brush. 


Cages must be as massive as you’ll be able to accommodate. The minimal dimension for a cage for one or two guinea pigs is 7.5  sq. toes, however the bigger you’ll be able to accommodate the higher. The very best location to your guinea pig’s enclosure is in a shared a part of your property the place your guinea pig will be a part of the household and monitored intently, out of direct daylight, off the ground protected against different household pets. 

Enclosures ought to have stable bottoms to forestall foot accidents and be lined with shredded newspaper, grass hay, aspen or hardwood shavings. Take away dirty shavings day by day and provides the enclosure an intensive cleansing every week.  

As guinea pigs are startled simply, a hiding place should be supplied. They need to have entry to a hiding place always, for after they want some quiet time. To advertise the well being of your guinea pig, objects equivalent to toys, hammocks and platforms with ramps must be added to their enclosure. The record of toys is countless, however some very reasonably priced objects embody: 

  • Paper baggage full of hay 
  • Ping pong balls 
  • Paper towel rolls (minimize lengthwise) 
  • Shoeboxes 

Guinea pigs are very social animals and are happiest after they have one other guinea pig companion, and a spotlight from their human members of the family. Even well-socialized guinea pigs could nip if startled, which is why it’s beneficial that they be dealt with by adults and older youngsters. 

Guinea pigs have good color imaginative and prescient and nice listening to, enabling them to study to reply to particular sounds. With some endurance and persistence, they’ll even be skilled to make use of litter packing containers! 

Issues to keep away from 

Keep away from the next potential hazards to offer your pet guinea pig with a protected surroundings: 

  • Sawdust, cedar, pine and corn-cob bedding may cause sickness and toxicity 
  • Train balls and working wheels that aren’t designed for guinea pigs may end up in severe accidents 
  • Entry to handled or painted wooden 
  • Unsupervised time with younger youngsters, open air or free-roaming in the home 
  • Toxic meals equivalent to rhubarb, chocolate, potato, seeds and nuts 
  • Putting the cage in fixed direct daylight, a storage or a laundry room 
  • Offering grass, clover or dandelions from a yard handled with pesticides or fertilizers 

Guinea pigs reside, on common, 4 to eight years so be certain you’re prepared for the dedication earlier than adopting. Some guinea pigs could reside so long as 10 years!  

If you happen to’re inquisitive about adopting a guinea pig, preserve your eye on the Ontario SPCA adoption web site to look at for guinea pigs in search of a loving house.  





By Damian

Hi Damian, a talented website author who embraces her work with genuine enthusiasm. With an unwavering commitment to excellence, she combines her creative talent and technical expertise, creating sites that stand out for both style and substance.

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